In this simple guide, learn all that you need to know about Solar powers. It covers how to install and use solar panels for electricity generation in your home from scratch. It covers the following 2 key topics; –
If you go solar today, It can dramatically reduce or eliminate your utility bills. As a clean energy source, it will help to reduce carbon gas emissions.The use of solar panels and solar heating on your home, business, or farm has many benefits. Besides, it has many uses and can use it to power electronics, lighting, and heating water for home use and swimming pools. But how can you tap into it?
Wondering how you can harness electricity from the sun light to power your electronics? in this step-by-step explainer, learn the items you need to install in order to convert sunlight to electric current, store it and supply it.
Solar panels make electricity through the photovoltaic effect using photovoltaic cells technology. They are made of silicon cells housed in metal panel frames covered with glass casing. When sunlight photons strike silicon, it excites electrons to flow from silicon atoms according to the photovoltaic effect. As negative charge flows from cells it creates a direct current flow which you can evacuate it by a wiring system. The more sunlight strikes your panel, the more electricity energy it can produce.
Depending on how you use the harnessed charge, there are two solar power systems: the on-grid and off-grid systems. On grid power systems are a cheaper to install and store if you consider going solar. The off-grid systems are standalone and more expensive for you have to buy expensive solar storage batteries and inverters. The Off grid solar systems are the most common in Kenya.
In the on-grid system, you have a hybrid energy system that connect both the national electrical grid to your solar power system. You will use a net metering system to measure and record the power you produce and send to the grid when your solar system is overproducing during the day. At nighttime or overcast days it records the volts you receive from the power company. Your electricity utility bill is the difference between the credit of power received and the debit of power sold to the power company.
In a standalone or the off-grid system, your house is not connected to the national electric grid network. Instead, you will buy and install a full solar package that contain solar panels, inverters and solar batteries.
When the sun’s rays produce electricity, the direct current (DC) flows into Solar batteries that will allow you to recharge or store the excess energy gained during the days for use at night. As solar batteries discharge, DC flows through a solar inverter that converts it to alternating current (AC) electricity. AC runs through your home wiring and it is distributed within the home to power all your appliances like TV, fridge and computers. AC It works exactly the same way as the electrical power generated through the grid by your electric utility company.
Having understood how the solar panels produce electricity, its now your time to consider the following next steps if you still need to go solar. They are same if you consider setting a standalone or a net metering system.
The article is a 101 guide on Solar powers What you need to know. It covers the photovoltaic system of how solar rays generate direct current. It makes a distinction between the on-grid metering systems and the off grid or the standalone one you can use solar panels only to power your house. The guide concludes with a simple guide of how to go solar in your home or business from energy needs assessment to commissioning.