Which are the best types of cabbages in Kenya
Are you looking for the best cabbage variety in Kenya? In this post, we give you a comparison of various cabbage varieties available from seed companies operating in Kenya. Hybrid or the F1 cabbage are the best to grow for their many commercial and nutritional benefits. In comparison with the open pollinated types the F1 cabbage varieties has shorter maturity periods,, a heavier average weight per head and a higher yield potential per acre. They include the most popular choice for consumers and traders. They include the Baraka F1, Gloria F1 and the Pruktor F1 among others.
Cabbage is a popular vegetable of the Brassicaceae or Cruciferous family. It is the headed type among kales, broccoli, cauliflowers and radishes. The vegetable has many health and nutrition benefits. It contains Calcium, Iron, Vitamins A, C and E. others are Riboflavin, Nicotinamide and Ascorbic Acid. Minerals and high contents of Sulphur and chlorine contents.
There are three main types of cabbage available you can grow in Kenya and Uganda for commercial and home use. The green, Red and Savoy cabbage varieties. Green has a higher demand in the domestic markets. Farmers farming to export prefer the other two types.
F1 Cabbage Varieties in Kenya
|Hybrid Cabbage Variety||Plant spacing (cm)||Plant Population*(heads /acre)||Maturity (days after transplanting)||Average Head weight (kg)||Yield (Tons/Acre)|
|Amigo F1||60 x 60||11,111||90-100||4-6||45-68|
|Baraka F1||60 x 45||14,800||75||4-6||40-50|
|Blue Dynasty F1||60 x 60||11,111||80-85||4-5||45- 68|
|Copenhagen Market||60 x 45||14,800||65-70||2-2.5||20-30|
|Gloria F1||60 x 60||11,111||90||3||30-50|
|Green Challenger F1||30 x 30 or 60 x 60||44, 444 or 11,111||60||2.5- 3||40- 50|
|Michelle F1||60 x 45 or 60 x 60||14,800 or 11,111||80||3-5||40-74|
|Pruktor F1||60 x 60||11,111||80||5-6||50-60|
|Queen F1||60 x 45||14,800||85||30|
|Riana F1||60 x 60||11,111||90-100||1.5-2.5||15-30|
|Winner F1||60 x 60||11,111||75-80||40-75|
*The calculate the plant population, divide area of an acre (4048 M2) by the given plant spacing. For instance, if the plant spacing is 60 cm x 60 cm. The population will be 4048 m2 rounded off to 4000 m2 divided by (0.6 m*0.6m) to get 11,111 plants.
Given its high demand, seed companies have many hybrid seed varieties or F1 seed choices in the market. In this post, we compare the best hybrid types using their maturity period, spacing in cm, plant population, the average weight per head and total yield potential per acre.
It is the most grown cabbage variety in Kenya. You need 11,111 seedlings for an acre since it needs a spacing of 60 cm by 60 cm. It matures in 3 months (90 days) after transplanting. An acre of Gloria F1 cabbage can yield 30-50 tons. It is tolerant to black rot and fusarium yellows diseases. Besides, it can withstand splitting after maturity. Gloria F1 has a solid blue to green color heads that are covered by a thick waxy layer. The heads average 3 kg and is one of the best variety for storing.
This cabbage variety matures in 90-100 days after transplanting. It cab yield between 45-68 tons of cabbage. It has a recommended spacing of 60 cm by 60 cm giving you 11,111 plans in an acre. The variety is tolerant to the Black Rot and Diamondback Moth (DBM) diseases. Amigo F1 seeds does best in warm to cool areas. Its heads are Green and semi-round. It can weight between 4 and 6 kg.
Blue Dynasty F1
The cabbage variety matures in 80-85 days from transplanting. Plant the Blue dynasty F1 cabbage at a spacing of 60 cm x 60 cm. It has round heads with a compact shape. Its average weight is 4-5 kg per head. You will plant 11,111 seeds in acre. This cabbage yield per acre is 45-68 tons per acre. It is best suited for warm areas and it is tolerant to black rot, ring spot, DBM and fusarium Yellows.
Baraka F1 is the most popular cabbage variety among cabbage commercial farmers. It has bluish-greenheads that can weigh 4-6 kg when fully mature. It is a fast growing type taking 75 days to mature after transplanting. To plant Baraka F1, observe a spacing of 60 cm by 45 cm. You will get around 40 – 50 tons from the 14,800 heads in an acre. Baraka is tolerant to black rot, ring spot and cabbage yellows diseases.
The Copenhagen market cabbage variety mature in 65-70 days. Its heads weigh 2-2.5 kilograms. The recommended spacing for this cabbage variety in Kenya is 60cm x 45 cm. An acre will hold 14,800 heads of the Copenhagen market cabbage variety. Its yield per acre is 20-30 tons of cabbage per acre.
Green Challenger F1
The Green challenger F1 is the only fast maturing cabbage variety in Kenya. It takes only 2 months or 60 days to mature after transplanting. It has round shape with compact size heads. They weight an average of 2.5-3 kilograms when fully mature. The heads are blue green while its internal color is creamy. It is resistant to DBM, Black rot and Fusarium Yellows. The variety’s yield potential is 40-50 tons of cabbage per acre. It has a recommended spacing of 30 cm by 30 cm or 60 cm by 60 cm depending on rainfall and soil features of your area.
Michelle F1 matures in 80 days from transplanting. It will give you 40-74 tons of cabbage per acre given its yield potential. Each mature cabbage head weigh between 3 to 5 kg. The variety’s recommended spacing is 60 cm x 45-60 cm.
Pruktor F1 has a sweet flavor and its know for its tolerance against low night temperatures. It has a recommended spacing of 60 cm x 60 cm. Pruktor F1 has a yield potential of 50 -60 tons per acre. It will take around 80 days to mature from transplanting.
Queen F1 mature in 85 day after transplanting. Its yield potential is 30 tons of cabbage per acre. the seeds recommended spacing is 60 cm x 45 cm or 14,800 cabbage heads per acre.
The cabbage seed variety is tolerant to heat, cold. black rot and tip burns. The mature heads are round and compact with blue green heads. the internal color is clean white. Riana F1 is late maturing variety as it will mature in 90-100 days. Its recommended spacing is 60 cm x 60 cm. Its average weight is 1.5-2.5 kg per head and will give you low yields of 15-30 tons of cabbage per acre.
This cabbage variety matures in 75-80 days from transplanting date. An acre will give you 40 to 75 tons of cabbage if you observe good crop management. It has a recommended spacing of 60 cm x 60 cm
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The article compares 11 hybrid cabbage seed varieties you can grow in Kenya. It compares them on yield per acre, spacing in cm, tolerance to diseases and pests among other features like color and flavor.