Which is the Best Avocado Variety in Kenya?

avocado farming in kenya- varieties

Are you looking for the best avocado variety to grow in Kenya? This post wil give you the best 6 high yielding avocado cultivars for this region. The variety of your avocado tree will affect your production cost, yields and income. This guide will highlight yield per tree, fruit weight and oil content among other features to help you in your seed selection.

Kenya has over 40 avocado varieties. The best commercial types that are grown for sale of their fruits are the Hass (export market) and Fuerte (processing). Other popular avocado varieties in Kenya are the Keitt, Reed, Booth 8, Simmonds, Pinkerton, Nabal, Puebla, Tonnage, Ettinger, Hayes, G6 and G7 among others. This post will compare the key features of the most common varieties for you.

How to choose the best avocado tree variety in Kenya?

Hass Avocado
Hass avocado variety

Are you considering small, middle or largescale avocado farming? The following are the key factors to consider will impact the profitability and success of your agribusiness. This oist considers market demand, yield potential, disease resistance, harvest timing as well as fruit shipping and storage requirements. These factors are as follows;

  1. Market demand: Grow an avocado varietywhich has a high market demand. It will help you sell your fruit at a good price and maximize your profits. In Kenya, the most popular avocado fruits are;
    • Hass (in the export market)
    • Fuerte (in the processing sector)
    • Puebla (in the local market)
  2. Yield and productivity: Choose an Avocado variety that has high in yield and productivity. The table below gives you the fruits per tree variety, the fruit sizes and their weight to help you choose the best. Varieties with the higher yields gives you better returns on your investment.
  3. Disease resistance: Consider growing an avocado tree variety with disease and pest resistance to the common avocado diseases in your area. Such varieties has a low cost of production and produce better quality fruits.
  4. Harvesting Period: Grow an avocado tree variety whose timing of the harvest fits with your marketing plan and schedule.
  5. Fruit Features: If you are growing avocado for sale, choose a variety that is more resilient to shipping and storage. This will maintain the quality and freshness of your fruits during transport and storage.

As a rule, if you are growing avocado trees for money; choose a variety that will produce high-quality fruits, that meet the needs of your customers and maximizes your profits. If you are growing them for food at home; choose an avocado variety, that fits your personal preferences for flavor and texture, as well as practical factors like ripening time, size and yield

Best avocado varieties in kenya

Avocado VarietyFruits per mature treeFruit WeightOil Content (percentage)
Hass800-1000200-300g18-23%
Fuerte800-1000290-380g16-25%
Pinkerton800-1000250-410g18-20 %
Entigger500-800250-400 g18-22%
Puebla500-800170-450g20%
Linda500-800250-800g10-15%
A list of the best avocado varieties in Kenya

Hass

The Hass avocado variety in Kenya has a high demand in the export market. Its tree has a vigorous growth and requires occasional pruning. and grows upright. The which has a consistent bearing throughout the year. Its fruits has an outstanding shelf-life and shipping characteristics making it one of the best for export farming. The recommended planting spacing for Hass avocado in Kenya is 7 x 8m. It’s a heavy yielding variety and has excellent eating quality.

On the other hand, the Hass avocado fruits are reen at early stages and then brown on maturity. Very slightly pebbled, oval-pear-shaped. Skin is thin and leathery. It’s a late variety with small-medium fruit.

  • Fruit is medium in size 290-380 g.
  • Pear shaped fruit with a length of 5.5 cm and width 6.4 cm.
  • Reccomended Spacing 7 x 8 M.
  • oil content is high 18-23 %.
  • Yield ranges from 800 fruits per tree
  • Matures 8-9 months after flowering.

Fuerte

Fuerte Avocado fruit
Fuerte Avocado fruits is one of key commercial variety in Kenya

It is one of the most popular cultivar for export in many parts of the world. Fruits are green, slightly pebbled with good flavour. Its skin is thin and the seed is medium and conical. It’s a mid-season variety. The fruit is green even when ripe. Eating quality is excellent but has a tendency towards alternate bearing. The tree is light-medium large and spreading

  • Fruit is medium in size 290-380 g.
  • Pear shaped fruit with a length of 11.3 cm and width 7.5 cm.
  • Reccomended Spacing 8 x10 M.
  • oil content is high 16-25 %.
  • Yield ranges from 800-1000 fruits per tree
  • Matures 6-8 months after flowering.

Entigger

The Entigger avocado tree variety grows vigorously and upright. Its light to medium but regular producer of fruits. Its fruit ripens at mid-season, slightly before or together with Fuerte.

The variety produces light green, medium sized fruit which is elongated and pear in shape. It weighs between 250-400g. This avocado type has a skin that is thin polished, tough and leathery. These features are good attribute for shipping making Entigger a good avocado variety for export market.. The fruit’s fleh is light yellow almost free from fibre, soft melting and ripen uniformly. The seed is cone shaped and it’s of average size. It set loosely in it cavity.

  • Fruit weight; 250-400 g.
  • Fruit Size; length of 11.3 cm and width 7.5 cm.
  • Reccomended Spacing 7 X 8 M.
  • Oil content is high 18-22 %.
  • Yield ranges from 500-800 fruits per tree

Pinkerton

The Pinkerton avocado tree is of a medium size, but, its more spreading than Hass. Its an early maturing variety that produces regularly and heavily. The fruits ripen in mid to late season. The reccomended planting space for Pinketon avocado in Kenya is 7 x 7 m. It has good local and export market. Yield ranges from 800-1000 fruits per fully mature tree
The pinkerton avocado fruits are long and pear shaped. They are dark green and normally weigh 250-410 g. The skin is medium-thick,leathery and pebbled. Its flesh has a high quality pale green with a high oil content ranging between 18-20 %. It has a smooth, creamy rexture. It has a small seed that separate easily from the flesh with coat adhering to the seed.

  • Fruit weight; 250-410 g.
  • Fruit size; length of 11.3 cm and width 7.5 cm.
  • Reccomended Spacing;7 X 7M.
  • Oil content is high 18-20 %.
  • Yield ranges from 800-1000 fruits per tree

Puebla

Peubla is a medium sized and medium season avocado variety in Kenya. The fruit is ovate with a skin that is smooth glossy and purplish red at maturity. The light green flesh is juicy, melting and of good flavor. Puebla avocado has an oil content of 20 %. The seed is medium to large and tightly fixed.
The puebla tree grows fast with dropping branches but does not set fruit regularly. It’s a good pollinator for Fuerte as well as a good rootstock. It’s a good yielder giving 500-800 per tree

  • Fruit mass; 170-450 g.
  • Fruit size; length of 10 cm and width 7 cm.
  • Reccomended Spacing;8 X 10 M.
  • Oil content is high 20 %.
  • Yield ranges from 500-800 fruits per tree
  • Matures 5-7 months after flowering.

Linda

The Linda avocado tree is not vigorous and has slightly spreading habit. Its a regular bearer and starts production at early age. It is a mid-season variety. The Linda avocado fruits vary in shape from oval to elliptical. It’s purple when ripe and weigh 250-800g. It has a thick rough skin that is tough with seeds that are small and tight. The melting flesh is yellowish with a very pleasing flavor. Linda fruits has a moderate oil content of 10-15 % with no fibres. The recommended spacing for planting Linda avocado is 7 x 7 m. Its yield ranges from 500- 800 fruit for a mature tree

  • Fruit mass; 250-800 g..
  • Reccomended Spacing;7 X 7 M.
  • Oil content is high 10-15 %.
  • Yield ranges from 500-800 fruits per tree

Where to grow Avacado Trees in Kenya

Best avocado growing areas in kenya
The best avocado growing countines in Kenya

Are you looking for the best areas to avocado in Kenya? The fruit types preforms best under the following agroecological conditions in terms of altitude, rainfall, growing temperatures and soil requirements.

  • 1,200 – 2,200 metres above sea level Soil Characteristics
  • A temperature of 25 – 30 °C
  • Altitude of 1,200 – 2,200 metres above sea level
  • Deep fertile and well aerated soils (sandy, alluvuial loam)
  • A soil pH value of 5-7.

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