Best potato Seed varieties in Kenya?
Are you looking for the best potato variety to grow in Kenya? The list below compares all the types of potatoes available in the country. To choose the best potato seed variety, compare their; maturity periods, yield potential per acre and the altitude for best production in meters above sea level.
The average potato production per acre in Kenya is 3,100 kg. By choosing the right seed or cultivar, you can get higher yields and income per acre. Proper crop management and good weather can double the harvests to 8,000 kg or double the national average potential.
Types of potato in Kenya
The list below lists the new and high yielding potato seed Varieties in Kenya.
Tigoni potato variety can yield 14,000-18,000 kg per acre. It grows best at altitudes of 1800-2600 meters above sea level (ASL). It matures in 3-4 months from planting. Tigoni has a high dry content matter. It is the best variety to make chips, mashing, boiling, baking and roasting. KALRO (formerly KARI) released it in the market in 1998. Its tubers are long, oval with a white-smooth skin. It has white flowers with tall upright stems.
Shangi potato variety can yield 30,000-40,000 kg per acre in Kenya. It matures in 3-4 months. It grows best in 1500-2800 meters ASL. Its stems can grow very tall to one meter. It has broad leaves that are light. The tubers are white flesh, oval with medium to deep eyes with pink pigments. Shangi potatoes are good for mashing, boiling, roasting and making chips. The variety is moderately susceptible to late blight.
The Asante potato variety yields 14,000-18,000 kg per acre. It matures in 3-4 months from planting. Its tubers are round with smooth pink skin. Its optimal growing region is areas between 1,800-2,600 meters ASL. The stems are medium, and its tubers have a high dry matter content. It is best for making chips, mashing, roasting and baking. This seed is tolerant of late blight disease.
Kenya mpya stems are tall, rising to about 1 meter. It has white flowers, and the tubers are cream whiter with shallow pink eyes. They are large and can be oval or round. The variety is fast growing maturing in 3-3.5 months. Under proper agronomic care, it can yield 14,000 to 18,000 kilograms of iris potato per acre. It has good storability value. Best used for boiling, roasting, mashing or making chips.
This variety was by KALRO in 2010. It does best in optimal production of 1,800-3,000 meters ASL. It is a medium-sized plant that matures in 3-4 months. The stems are medium with light purple flowers. Its tubers are oblong or round with red skin. It has the most tubers per plant and can yield 16,000-20,000 kg per acre. The sherekea potato variety is best for boiling, roasting, mashing or processing to make chips and crisps. This variety can withstand late blight and potato viral diseases.
The purple gold variety was by KALRO in 2010. It can yield 10,000-14,000 kg of potato per acre. Its tubers are round with dark purple skin with white flesh eyes. Purple gold has medium stems, and its flowers are purple. The seed is tolerant to greening and most soil-borne and late blight diseases. It is best for mashing, boiling, roasting and making chips.
Also known as the mew pink. It is an early maturing type, taking only 2-3 months to harvest. The variety can yield 10,000-12,000 kg per acre under proper care. The stems grow tall, and it has white flowers. Its tubers are oval with red skin. It is tolerant to dry weather.
Dutch robin variety can yield 14,000-16,000 kg of potatoes per acre. Its stems are medium with medium stems. Its flowers are white, and the tubers are well-rounded with red skin. The seed has a long dormancy, making it one of the best varieties to store for long periods.
New potato varieties In Kenya
Besides the varieties discussed above, there are more local and exotic potato varieties. They introduced most of the local ones back in 2002. The average yield is 14,000 to 18,000 kg per acre.
The exotic ones originate from other countries. We summarize these varieties in the table below.
|Local Potato Varieties in Kenya||New Potato Varieties in Kenya|
Roslin Tana (nyayo)
Where to buy certified potato seeds in Kenya?
Planting clean and quality potato seeds is a must if you want higher farm profits and yields. Research and development is the mandate of the KARLO horticulture research institute at Tigoni. Breeding and distribution work is by various public and private propagators like ADC. If you are looking to buy quality shangi, Dutch Robijn or other potato seeds (tubers with sprouts) or young seedlings ready for transplanting, look from the following firms: –
- Agriculture development corporation (ADC) farm in Molo
- Kisima potato farm in Timau Meru
- Agricultural training colleges (ATCs)
- Private potato seed propagators, e.g. Grace Rock.
- Agrico Potato Services Africa
potato farming challenges in in Kenya
Low productivity: While the potato yield per acre for most potato yields is 16-4o tons per acre, the national average of potato farming in 3.3 tons per acre. As a farmer observe good crop management, control pests and diseases and apply right fertilizer amounts to double your yields to at least 8 tons per acre.
Post-harvest food waste: Most of harvested potatoes goes to waste before consumption. It rots in the farms or sprout before it can be sold. Though there are interventions to erect potato cold rooms in high potato producing areas like Molo, Nyandarua and Meru counties, as a famer you can plant varieties with low sprouting, susceptible to fast rot and use simple storage methods to increase its shelf life.